Russian Language "False Friends": Don't Be Fobbed off!

Profile PictureFlag
Anna Rusça
7 Aralık 2016
568
2 dakika
Cover Photo

Everyone, who studies a foreign language, sooner or later faces with so-called "false friends”: words that sound or look similar to words in a native language but have different meaning in a foreign language. This article is about “false friends” in Russian and English languages.

False Friends

Ноутбу̀к – a laptop

Notebook – блокно̀т

Я купил новый ноутбук вчера. - "I bought a new laptop yesterday."

Скажи мне, пожалуйста, твой адрес, я запишу его в блокнот. - "Tell me your address, please, I’ll write it down to my notebook."

neat-accurate

Аккура̀тный - neat

Accurate – пра̀вильный, то̀чный

Он выглядит аккуратным. - "He looks neat."

"Swiss watches are the most accurate in the world." – Швейцарские часы – самые точные в мире.

actor-artist

Артѝст - actor

Artist – худо̀жник

Он - талантливый артист. - "He is a talented actor."

Он – один из самых известных художников в своей стране.
"He is one of the most famous artists in his country."

Интеллигѐнтный vs. Intelligent

Интеллигентный – cultured, educated

Intelligent – у̀мный, разу̀мный

Интеллигентный человек не может быть грубым.- "Educated person can’t be rude."

"He is an intelligent guy." - Он очень неглупый парень.

Кабинѐт vs. Cabinet

Кабинѐт - office, study

Cabinet - шкаф с ящиками; кабинет министров

Его кабинет был полон старинных и дорогих книг. - "His study was full of antique and expensive books."

Глава государства вчера распустил Кабинет Министров. - "Yesterday the President dissolved the Cabinet of Ministers."

Комплѐкция vs. Complexion

Комплѐкция - constitution

Complexion - цвет лица

Его комплекция не позволяла ему ездить верхом. - "He was unable to ride a horse because of his constitution."

Она очень много курит, поэтому у нее такой нездоровый цвет лица. - "She smokes a lot, so she has a sickly complexion."

Магазѝн vs. Magazine

Магазѝн - a shop

Magazine - журнал

Давай пройдемся по магазинам. - "Let's go shopping."

Я купил этот журнал в магазине вчера. - "I bought this magazine in a shop yesterday."

Дирѐктор vs.  Director

Директор - CEO – chief executive officer, manager

Director - режиссер, дирижер.

Этот режиссер всегда очень требовательным к актерам. - "This director always places high demands on his actors."

Директор занял свой пост только год назад. "The manager took his post only a year ago."

Декора̀ция vs. Decoration

Декорация - setting

Decoration - украшение, убранство

Мне не понравились декорации в этом представлении. - "I didn't like the settings in this performance."

Мы недавно закончили украшать комнату к празднику. - "We have finished decorating the room recently."

Фамѝлия vs Family

Фамилия - a surname

Family - семья

Его фамилия – Иванов. - His surname is Ivanov.

Я люблю свою семью. - "I love my family."

Физик vs Physique

Фѝзик - physicist

Physique - телосложение

Мой дядя - физик. - "My uncle is a physicist."

How to memorize this deceptive vocabulary easily and quickly?

While there are many more "false friends" in our languages, I was only able to mention a few in this article. Should you memorize all these words by heart? Of course, not! Add them to your personal vocabulary little by little as you need it. Remember, it is always better to memorize words in context: you can make examples of when to use these words, then use them in your everyday conversations.

You do not have to learn all these words at once either, but rather divide this vocabulary according to topics they pertain to. For example: “Things” or “Occupation”. Following these simple recommendations will help increase your Russian vocabulary faster and become best friends with your new English-Russian "false friends".

Rusça Tutor Anna
$10.00-12.00
USD/h

Anna

Flag
(204)
Flag Rusça
Ukrayna
284
Rusça
Ana Dil
,
Ukraynaca
Ana Dil
,
İngilizce
C1
,
Mandarin
B1
,
İtalyanca
A1
,
İsveççe
A1
Hello. My name is Anna. I am a Russian and Ukrainian native-speaker. I think that the main purpose of studying any language is communication. So speaking at the lesson is my priority. I have been teaching English and Russian languages for 8 years. The structure of my lessons depends on your needs, your level, and the program you choose. My lessons are always learner-centered. In my teaching I use textbooks (I think that learning of any foreign language must be systematized) as well as authentic texts (according to your level) and a lot of additional materials (Youtube, films, cartoons etc). I know that studying a foreign language is not an easy thing but I always try to create friendly and positive atmosphere during the lesson. Note: When you book a trial lesson with me, please, write some words about your learning experience. You can send me a composition “About Myself”. This will help me to evaluate your basic grammar and writing skills. During the trial lesson I usually interview a student to know more about his (her) goals and preferences in studying and to tell more about my teaching approaches. Feel free to contact me! You can visit my Facebook account as well. Welcome! https://www.facebook.com/ruslang4u
$10.00-12.00
USD/h
Flag Rusça
Ukrayna
284
Rusça
Ana Dil
,
Ukraynaca
Ana Dil
,
İngilizce
C1
,
Mandarin
B1
,
İtalyanca
A1
,
İsveççe
A1
Hello. My name is Anna. I am a Russian and Ukrainian native-speaker. I think that the main purpose of studying any language is communication. So speaking at the lesson is my priority. I have been teaching English and Russian languages for 8 years. The structure of my lessons depends on your needs, your level, and the program you choose. My lessons are always learner-centered. In my teaching I use textbooks (I think that learning of any foreign language must be systematized) as well as authentic texts (according to your level) and a lot of additional materials (Youtube, films, cartoons etc). I know that studying a foreign language is not an easy thing but I always try to create friendly and positive atmosphere during the lesson. Note: When you book a trial lesson with me, please, write some words about your learning experience. You can send me a composition “About Myself”. This will help me to evaluate your basic grammar and writing skills. During the trial lesson I usually interview a student to know more about his (her) goals and preferences in studying and to tell more about my teaching approaches. Feel free to contact me! You can visit my Facebook account as well. Welcome! https://www.facebook.com/ruslang4u

İlginizi çekebilecek makaleler

IELTS Study
Profile Picture
Martyn Fairlamb
12 Nisan 2018