“Grandparents” “Uncle” “Aunt” “Cousin”在中文里分别指哪些亲戚,你能分清吗?

在中国,对亲戚的分类要比英文详细很多,所以“Grandparents” “Uncle” “Aunt” “Cousin”在中文里会用不同的词语来指代,具体说来如下:


“Grandfather“这一词在中文里,如果指的是父亲的父亲,称为“爷爷”;如果是指母亲的父亲,则称为“外公”。同样,“Grandmother”这一词在中文里,如果指父亲的母亲,称为“奶奶”;如果指母亲的母亲,则称为“外婆”。
所以“Grandparents”在中国可能指的是“爷爷、奶奶”,也可能指“外公、外婆”。

“Uncle”这一词在中文里,代表的意思就更多了。
如果是父亲的哥哥,我们称为“伯伯”或“伯父”;父亲的弟弟,我们称为“叔叔”。
如果是母亲的哥哥或弟弟,我们都称为“舅舅”。

同样,“Aunt”这一词在中文里也有不同的称呼方式。
它可以指父亲的姐姐或妹妹,称为“姑姑”;也可以指伯父(父亲的哥哥)的妻子,称为“伯母”;或者是叔叔(父亲的弟弟)的妻子,称为“婶婶”。
它还可以指母亲的姐姐或妹妹,称为“姨妈”;或者舅舅(母亲的哥哥或弟弟)的妻子,称为“舅妈”。

“Cousin”这一词在中文里,可以分为“堂亲”和“表亲”,具体来说:
父亲的兄弟所生的子女,就是“堂亲”。如果是哥哥,我们称为“堂哥”(或“堂兄”),如果是弟弟,我们称为“堂弟”;如果是姐姐我们称为“堂姐”,如果是妹妹则称为“堂妹”。
父亲的姐妹,以及母亲的兄弟姐妹所生的子女,我们统称为“表亲”,哥哥称为“表哥”,弟弟称为“表弟”,姐姐称为“表姐”,妹妹称为“表妹”。
我们也可以简单理解为,跟我们同姓(姓氏相同)的同辈则为“堂亲”,与我们不同姓的则为“表亲”。

最后总结一下:
“Grandparents”在中文里分为“爷爷”、“奶奶”、“外公”、“外婆”;
“Uncle”分为“伯伯”、“叔叔”和“舅舅”;
“Aunt”分为“姑姑”、“伯母”、“婶婶”、“姨妈”、“舅妈”;
“Cousin”分为“堂哥”、“堂弟”、“堂姐”、“堂妹”、“表哥”、“表弟”、“表姐”、“表妹”。

现在,你能分清了吗?
17 Nisan 2020
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Ana Dil
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I’ was born in a small town in China in August 1989. My parents were both teachers in a middle school before retired. I am a person with strong learning ability and full of enthusiasm for work and life. In June 2010, after studied for four years, I graduated from the Hunan Normal University in China (majoring in Chinese Linguistics & Literature in the College of Liberal Arts), and got my degree of Bachelor of Arts and teaching certificate as a Higher Chinese Language teacher in China. Then I passed the interview of MOE of Singapore, and was assigned to Cedar Girls’ Secondary School as a Chinese Language teacher. At the same time, I was also responsible for planning and organizing the Mother Tongue(MT) biweekly activities (Chinese New Year celebration activities) of the MT department of the school, so that students could have a better understanding of Chinese cultural traditions through activities like paper-cutting, painting masks, learning calligraphy, listening to lectures, making dumplings and so on. Meanwhile, I was also the person in charge of the school's Chinese proficiency test (HSK). In this process, I also gained a lot. Singapore is a diverse country, with teachers and students all from different countries and ethnicities. More than 3 years working experiences in Cedar not only made me to be a teacher who loved by my students, colleagues, and superior officers; and also has exercised my various aspects of comprehensive ability.
Flag
Mandarin
globe
Çin
time
13
Konuşur:
Mandarin
Ana Dil
,
İngilizce
B2
I’ was born in a small town in China in August 1989. My parents were both teachers in a middle school before retired. I am a person with strong learning ability and full of enthusiasm for work and life. In June 2010, after studied for four years, I graduated from the Hunan Normal University in China (majoring in Chinese Linguistics & Literature in the College of Liberal Arts), and got my degree of Bachelor of Arts and teaching certificate as a Higher Chinese Language teacher in China. Then I passed the interview of MOE of Singapore, and was assigned to Cedar Girls’ Secondary School as a Chinese Language teacher. At the same time, I was also responsible for planning and organizing the Mother Tongue(MT) biweekly activities (Chinese New Year celebration activities) of the MT department of the school, so that students could have a better understanding of Chinese cultural traditions through activities like paper-cutting, painting masks, learning calligraphy, listening to lectures, making dumplings and so on. Meanwhile, I was also the person in charge of the school's Chinese proficiency test (HSK). In this process, I also gained a lot. Singapore is a diverse country, with teachers and students all from different countries and ethnicities. More than 3 years working experiences in Cedar not only made me to be a teacher who loved by my students, colleagues, and superior officers; and also has exercised my various aspects of comprehensive ability.
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