5 Common Mistakes in Russian

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Yevgheniy GuzanovRus├ža
30 de Outubro de 2018
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1. đŁđÁ. / n'e / or / n'i /?

Mistake:


đŻđÁ ĐçđŞĐéđ░╠üĐÄ
đŻđÁ đ╗ĐÄđ▒đ╗ĐÄ╠ü
đŻđÁ đżđŻ
đŻđÁ đżđŻđ░╠ü

I often hear students read "đŻđÁ" separately from the word and pronounce it as "nje" or "n'e". It's a mistake.

Explanation:

The particle "đŻđÁ" is always unstressed and is always read together with the following word making one phonetic word.

Correct usage:


đŻđÁ ĐçđŞĐéđ░╠üĐÄ / n'ichitAju /
đŻđÁ đ╗ĐÄđ▒đ╗ĐÄ╠ü / n'il'ubl'U /
đŻđÁ đżđŻ / n'iOn /
đŻđÁ đżđŻđ░╠ü / n'ianA /



Exceptions:

\
đŻđÁ╠ü đ▒Đőđ╗ / n'Eb╔Ęl /
đŻđÁ đ▒Đőđ╗đ░╠ü / nib╔ĘlA /*
đŻđÁ╠ü đ▒Đőđ╗đż / n'Eb╔Ęla /

đŻđÁ╠ü đ▒Đőđ╗đŞ / n'Eb╔Ęli /

*đŻđÁ đ▒Đőđ╗đ░╠ü " is not an exception, it follows the general rule.


2. Unstressed "đż".


Mistake:


đ╝đżđ╗đżđ║đż╠ü / molokO /
đ┐đżđ┤ ĐüĐéđżđ╗đż╠üđ╝ / potstolOm /
đ┤đżđÂđ┤đŞ╠ü /dozhd'I /


Explanation:

Vowels can be either stressed or unstressed. The unstressed vowels undergo the reduction effects. One of the most important quality reduction effects is called "đÉ╠üđ║đ░đŻĐîđÁ": Unstressed letter "đż" should be read as / đ░ /.

Correct usage:


đ╝đżđ╗đżđ║đż╠ü / malakO / \
đ┐đżđ┤ ĐüĐéđżđ╗đż╠üđ╝ / patstalOm /*
đ┤đżđÂđ┤Đî / dOsht' /

But : \
đ┤đżđÂđ┤đŞ╠ü / dazhd'I /


*The preposition "đ┐đżđ┤" (as the overwhelming majority of prepositions) gets connected to the following word and makes one phonetic word. Consequently (considering the fact that there can be only one stress in a word) "đ┐đżđ┤" is unstressed and we apply "đÉđ║đ░đŻĐîđÁ effect". And / đ┤ / becomes / Đé / because of the following unvoiced "c".

3. đčđżĐéđżđ╝Đâ╠ü ĐçĐéđż.


Mistake:


đčđżĐéđżđ╝Đâ╠ü ĐçĐéđż đżđŻ đŻđÁ đ┐đżđĚđ▓đżđŻđŞ╠üđ╗ đ╝đŻđÁ, ĐĆ đĚđ░đ▒Đő╠üđ╗đ░ đ║Đâđ┐đŞ╠üĐéĐî đż╠üđ▓đżĐëđŞ.

Explanation:


The conjunction "đ┐đżĐéđżđ╝Đâ╠ü ĐçĐéđż" cannot begin the sentence.

Correct usage:


đ» đĚđ░đ▒Đő╠üđ╗đ░ đ║Đâđ┐đŞ╠üĐéĐî đż╠üđ▓đżĐëđŞ, đ┐đżĐéđżđ╝Đâ╠ü ĐçĐéđż đżđŻ đŻđÁ đ┐đżđĚđ▓đżđŻđŞ╠üđ╗ đ╝đŻđÁ.
đóđ░đ║ đ║đ░đ║ đżđŻ đŻđÁ đ┐đżđĚđ▓đżđŻđŞ╠üđ╗ đ╝đŻđÁ, ĐĆ đĚđ░đ▒Đő╠üđ╗đ░ đ║Đâđ┐đŞ╠üĐéĐî đż╠üđ▓đżĐëđŞ.

4. đĺĐçđÁĐÇđ░╠ü, đĺĐüđÁ, đĺĐüĐĹ, đĺĐüđÁđ│đ┤đ░╠ü, đĺĐéđż╠üĐÇđŻđŞđ║, etc.


Mistake:


đĺĐçđÁĐÇđ░╠ü / vichirA /
đĺĐüđÁ / vis'E /
đĺĐüĐĹ / vis'O /
đĺĐüđÁđ│đ┤đ░╠ü / vsigdA /
đĺĐéđż╠üĐÇđŻđŞđ║ / vtOrnik


Explanation:


When we have a cluster of consonants, the following consonant influences the preceding. If the following consonant is unvoiced, it makes the preceding consonant unvoiced too. Consequently we should pronounce the letter "đ▓" in the given words as / Đä /.\
When students don't know this rule, they pronounce this letter as / v / or often with an additional aftersound / vi / which is wrong and confuses the meaning. For example, when you say đ▓ĐçđÁĐÇđ░╠ü as / vichirA / it sounds like "đ▓đÁĐçđÁĐÇđ░╠ü".

Correct usage:


đĺĐçđÁĐÇđ░╠ü / fchirA /
đĺĐüđÁ / fs'E /
đĺĐüĐĹ / fs'O /
đĺĐüđÁđ│đ┤đ░╠ü / fsigdA /
đĺĐéđż╠üĐÇđŻđŞđ║ / ftOrnik /



5. "đčĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝" đŞđ╗đŞ "đčĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░"


The English expression "No problem!" should be translated to Russian as "đŁđÁĐé đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝!"

Mistake:


đú đ╝đÁđŻĐĆ╠ü đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝ Đü đ║đżđ╝đ┐ĐîĐÄ╠üĐéđÁĐÇđżđ╝.

Explanation:


The reason why students are often confused about this word is very simple. In the English expression "no problem", the word "problem" is in singular form, but in Russian - "đŻđÁĐé đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁđ╝", it is the Genitive Case Plural form of the word "đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁđ╝đ░", which is feminine.

Correct usage:


đú đ╝đÁđŻĐĆ╠ü đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░ Đü đ║đżđ╝đ┐ĐîĐÄ╠üĐéđÁĐÇđżđ╝.

đú đŻđ░Đü đ▒Đőđ╗đ░╠ü đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░ Đü đ║đżđ╝đ┐ĐîĐÄ╠üĐéđÁĐÇđżđ╝.

đú đŻđÁĐĹ đ▒Đő╠üđ╗đŞ đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝Đő Đü đ║đżđ╝đ┐ĐîĐÄ╠üĐéđÁĐÇđżđ╝.
đ×đŻđ░ ĐÇđÁĐłđ░╠üđ╗đ░ Đüđ▓đżđŞ╠ü đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝Đő Đü đ║đżđ╝đ┐ĐîĐÄ╠üĐéđÁĐÇđżđ╝, đ░ ĐĆ ĐÇđÁĐłđŞ╠üđ╗, ĐçĐéđż đ╗Đâ╠üĐçĐłđÁ đ┐đżđ╣ĐéđŞ╠ü đ┐đżđ│Đâđ╗ĐĆ╠üĐéĐî.


-đöđż╠üđ║ĐéđżĐÇ, Đâ đ╝đÁđŻĐĆ╠ü ĐéđÁđ╝đ┐đÁĐÇđ░ĐéĐâ╠üĐÇđ░! đžĐéđż đ╝đŻđÁ đ┤đÁ╠üđ╗đ░ĐéĐî?
-đĺĐő ĐçđŞĐéđ░╠üđ╗đŞ đ┤ĐÇđÁ╠üđ▓đŻđŞĐů ĐäđŞđ╗đż╠üĐüđżĐäđżđ▓? đčĐÇđŞĐçđŞ╠üđŻĐő đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝ đŻĐâ╠üđÂđŻđż đŞĐüđ║đ░╠üĐéĐî đ▓ ĐüđÁđ▒đÁ╠ü!

-đťđ░ĐłđŞ╠üđŻđ░ đŻđÁ đÁ╠üđ┤đÁĐé.
-đĺ ĐçĐĹđ╝ đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░?
-đöđ▓đŞ╠üđ│đ░ĐéđÁđ╗Đî đ▓ đ┐đżĐÇĐĆ╠üđ┤đ║đÁ... đóđżđ│đ┤đ░╠ü, đŻđ░đ▓đÁ╠üĐÇđŻđżđÁ, đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░ đ▓ đ░đ║đ║Đâđ╝Đâđ╗ĐĆ╠üĐéđżĐÇđÁ.

đ» ĐůđżĐçĐâ╠ü đ║Đâđ┐đŞ╠üĐéĐî ĐÇĐő╠üđ▒Đâ. đŁđż đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░ đ▓ Đéđżđ╝, ĐçĐéđż đ╝đżĐĆ╠ü đÂđÁđŻđ░╠ü đĚđ░đ▒Đő╠üđ╗đ░ đ║đżĐłđÁđ╗ĐĹđ║ đ┤đż╠üđ╝đ░, đ░ Đâ đ╝đÁđŻĐĆ╠ü đ║đżĐłđÁđ╗Đîđ║đ░╠ü đŻđÁĐé.

-đ» ĐůđżĐçĐâ╠ü đ┐ĐÇđŞđÁ╠üĐůđ░ĐéĐî đŻđ░ đ║đżđŻĐäđÁĐÇđÁ╠üđŻĐćđŞĐÄ.
-đóđżđ│đ┤đ░╠ü đ▓ ĐçĐĹđ╝ đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░?
-đčĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝đ░ ĐüđżĐüĐéđżđŞ╠üĐé đ▓ Đéđżđ╝, ĐçĐéđż đ┐đżĐüđ╗đÁ╠üđ┤đŻđŞđ╣ ĐÇđÁđ╣Đü đ▓ đáđŞđ╝ ĐâđÂđÁ╠ü Đâđ╗đÁĐéđÁ╠üđ╗.
-đťĐâđÂĐçđŞ╠üđŻđ░, đĺĐő ĐâđÂđÁ đ▓ đáđŞđ╝đÁ!
-đ×đ╣! đóđżđ│đ┤đ░╠ü Đâ đ╝đÁđŻĐĆ╠ü ĐüđÁĐÇĐîĐĹđĚđŻĐőđÁ đ┐ĐÇđżđ▒đ╗đÁ╠üđ╝Đő Đü đ┐đ░╠üđ╝ĐĆĐéĐîĐÄ!

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Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 2000+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! Feel free to schedule a trial lesson! Dear students, please, note: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes Ôťö About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (đóđáđÜđś)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! Ôťö I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) Ôťö You help: - 0.7% of money is donated to free educational projects in Russia Ôťö My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 2k+ individual lessons Ôťö My education: - đŁđŁđôđÉđíđú ÔÇö NNGASU, N.Novgorod '07-'11 - đáđôđôđú ÔÇö RSUH, Moscow '12-'13 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (đúđöđč ÔÇö DPU), Moscow '12-'14 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY Russian Language Centre (đťđôđú), '16 - đáđôđôđú ÔÇö RSUH, Moscow '16-now Ôťö You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (50Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE. Ôťö
Flag
Rus├ža
globe
Rusya
time
79
Rus├ža
Ana Dil
,
─░ngilizce
C2
,
Frans─▒zca
A1
Hello! I'm a professional certified teacher of Russian with 10 years of teaching experience and 2000+ online lessons taught. I offer you both my expertise and my passion for the language! Whether beginner or advanced, you will learn new things about Russian from day one! Feel free to schedule a trial lesson! Dear students, please, note: Trial lesson: 30 minutes Usual lesson: 55 minutes Ôťö About me: I am a native Russian speaker from Moscow. I studied in Moscow State University Russian Language Center. In my lessons I follow TORFL (Test of Russian Language for Foreigners (đóđáđÜđś)) standards. I am interested in literature, languages, and linguistics. I am well-read and will be happy to teach you classical Russian! Ôťö I offer: - General Russian Course (A1-C2) + the language of your professional specialization (optional) (55 minute lessons) - Russian Accent Reduction Course (55 minute lessons) Ôťö You help: - 0.7% of money is donated to free educational projects in Russia Ôťö My language teaching experience: - 10+ years of language exchange and teaching - 5+ complex group courses - 2k+ individual lessons Ôťö My education: - đŁđŁđôđÉđíđú ÔÇö NNGASU, N.Novgorod '07-'11 - đáđôđôđú ÔÇö RSUH, Moscow '12-'13 - The course on History of ancient Russian language in (đúđöđč ÔÇö DPU), Moscow '12-'14 - The course on the methodology of teaching of Russian as a foreign language. MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY Russian Language Centre (đťđôđú), '16 - đáđôđôđú ÔÇö RSUH, Moscow '16-now Ôťö You can expect: - PERSONAL APPROACH - ADDITIONAL MATERIALS for the lessons - MONITORING OF YOUR PROGRESS - YOUR MESSAGES ANSWERED WITHIN 24 HOURS - HIGH SPEED (50Mbit/s bandwidth) STABLE INTERNET ON MY SIDE. - HQ AUDIO. I use a PROFESSIONAL STUDIO MICROPHONE. Ôťö